Q-1. How does the Government collect Income Tax?
Taxes are collected by three means:
a) voluntary payment by persons into various designated Banks. For example Advance Tax and Self Assessment Tax.
b) Taxes deducted at source [TDS] on your behalf from the payments receivable by you.
c) Taxes collected at source [TCS] on your behalf at the time of spending.
It is the constitutional obligation of every person earning income to compute his income and pay taxes correctly.
Q-3. How will I know how much Income tax I have to pay?
The rate of Income tax and corporate taxes are available in the Finance bill (commonly called budget) passed by Parliament every year.
Q-4. Does every person have to keenly follow the annual Finance bills?
You need not do so. You can take professional help or the help of Public Relation Officer (PRO) in the local Income Tax Department office. You may also take assistance from Tax Return Preparers.
Q-5. When do I have to pay the taxes on my income?
Generally the tax on income crystallizes only on completion of the previous year. However for ease of collection and regularity of flow of funds to the Government for its various activities, the Income tax Act has laid down payment of taxes in advance during the year of earning itself. Taxes may also be collected on your behalf during the previous year itself through TDS and TCS. If at the time of filing of return you find that you have some balance tax to be paid after taking into account your advance tax, TDS & TCS, the short fall is to be deposited as 'Self Assessment Tax'.
Q-6. What is the procedure for depositing tax?
A form called Challan is available in the Income Tax department, in banks and on the IT department web site. Please Click Here to download Challan forms in Excel format. The Challan form should be filled up and deposited in the bank along with the money. Taxes can also be paid on-line.
Q-7. In the challan there are terms like 'Income tax on companies' & 'Income tax other than companies'. What do they mean?
The tax to be paid by the companies on their income is called corporate tax and in the challan it is mentioned as 'Income tax on Companies'. Tax paid by non-corporates is called 'Income tax' and in the challan it is identified as 'Income tax other than Companies'.
Q-8. How is advance tax calculated and paid?
It is paid in installments. The amount payable is to be calculated in the following manner:
The deposit of advance tax is made through challans by ticking the relevant column.
Q-9 What is regular tax and how is it paid?
Under the Income tax Act every person has the responsibility to correctly compute and pay his due taxes. Where the Department finds that there has been under-statement of income and tax due, it takes measures to compute the actual tax amount that ought to have been paid. This demand raised on the person is called 'Regular Tax'. The regular tax has to be paid within 30 days of receipt of the notice of demand.