Section - 154(GST) : Power of Central (or State) Government to make Rules

1. The Central Government (or the State Government) may, on the recommendation of the Council, make rules, including rules conferring the power to issue notifications with retrospective effect under those rules, to carry into effect the purposes of this Act.

2. In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may —

(i) provide for the date for determination of rate of tax and the place of supply of goods or services or both; 

(ii) having regard to the normal practice in the supply of goods or services, define or specify the kinds of trade discount to be excluded from the value under section 15 including the circumstances in which and the conditions subject to which such discount is to be so excluded;

(iii) provide for determining the value of taxable supplies in the situations mentioned under section 15; 

(iv) provide, subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, for the grant of input tax credit of tax paid on the input supplies of goods or services used in or in relation to the providing of the output taxable supplies of goods or services, and the manner of utilization of such credit; 

(v) provide for the lapsing of input tax credit lying unutilized, in the circumstances as may be specified in the rules; 

(vi) provide for withdrawal of facilities or imposition of restrictions (including restrictions on utilisation of input tax credit) on taxable person or suspension or revocation of registration of taxable person, for evasion of tax or misuse of input tax credit;

(vii) provide, subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, for the carrying forward of the unutilized balances of Cenvat credit of the duties of excise and the service tax, under the Cenvat Credit Rules 2004, (or of VAT credit under the state VAT credit rules) lying with the taxable persons on the date of their switching over to GST;

(viii) specify the persons who shall get themselves registered under section 23 and the time, manner and form in which application for registration shall be made; 

(ix) provide for the manner of verification of application and issue of registration under the Act and the fees, if any, to be charged therefor; 

(x) provide for the situations and manner of grant of deemed registration under the Act; 

(xi) provide for the manner of migration, amendment, surrender, revocation, suspension, cancellation of registration under the Act;

(xii) provide for the assessment and collection of tax, the authorities by whom functions under the Act are to be discharged, the issue of notices requiring payment, the manner in which tax shall be payable, and the recovery of tax not paid;

(xiii) impose on taxable persons or other persons as may be specified, the duty of furnishing information, maintaining records and filing returns, and may also prescribe the nature of such information and the form of such records and returns, the particulars to be contained therein, and the manner in which they shall be verified;

(xiv) provide for the form, manner and frequency of the returns to be furnished and the late fee for delayed furnishing of return under relevant section; 

(xv) provide for charging or payment of interest under the various provisions of the Act; 

(xvi) provide for the detention or attachment of goods, plant, machinery or material and other movable or immovable properties for the purpose of exacting the tax on taxable supplies in respect of which breaches of the Act or rules made thereunder have been committed and the disposal of things so detained or attached or confiscated; 

(xvii) authorise and regulate the compounding of offences against, or liabilities incurred under the Act or the rules made thereunder;

(xviii) provide for the amount to be paid for compounding and the manner of compounding of offences under section 97; 

(xix) provide for publication, subject to such conditions as may be specified, the names and other particulars of persons found guilty of contravention of any provision of the Act or of any rule made thereunder;

(xx) provide for the manner of recovery of any amount due to the Central Government (or state government) under section 72; 

(xxi) authorise and regulate the inspection and audit of business premises and provide for the taking of samples, and for the making of tests, of any substance produced therein, and for the inspection or search of any place or conveyance used for the production, storage, sale, supply or transport of goods, and so far as such inspection or search is essential for the proper levy and collection of the tax imposed by the Act, of any other taxable supply of goods or services; 

(xxii) specify the form and manner in which application for refund shall be made under section 48;

(xxiii) provide for the manner in which amounts shall be credited to the Consumer Welfare Fund, their utilization, and the form in which the accounts and records relating to the Fund shall be maintained;

xxiv) specify the forms in which appeals, applications and memoranda of cross objections shall be filed and verified under Chapter XXI of the Act;

(xxv) provide for the qualifications and the manner of appointment of the National President, the State President, and the Members of the Appellate Tribunal under section 100 of the Act, and other matters related or incidental thereto;

(xxvi) regulate in such manner as the Central Government / State Government thinks fit, the movement of supplies from any part of India to any other part thereof 

(xxvii) regulate the removal of taxable supplies of goods from the place where produced, stored or manufactured or subjected to any process of production or manufacture and their transport to or from the premises of a registered person, or a bonded warehouse, or to a market;

(xxviii) provide for the appointment, licensing, management and supervision of bonded warehouses and the procedure to be followed for entry of goods into such warehouses and clearance of goods therefrom; 

(xxix) provide for the distinguishing of supply of goods which have been manufactured after registration, of materials which have been imported, and of supply of goods on which tax has been paid, or which are exempt from tax under this Act, or any other class of goods as may be specified in such rules;

(xxx) require that taxable supplies of specified goods shall not be made except in prescribed containers, bearing a banderol, stamp or label of such nature and affixed in such manner as may be prescribed; 

(xxxi) provide for the grant of a rebate of the tax paid on supply of goods or services which are exported out of India or shipped for consumption on a voyage to any port outside India including interest thereon; 

(xxxii) provide for rebate of tax paid or payable on the taxable supply of services used as input services in the supply of goods or services exported out of India under section 48;

(xxxiii) provide for the charging of fees for the examination of goods intended for export out of India and for rendering any other service by a GST Officer under this Act or the rules made thereunder;

(xxxiv) authorise the Board (or competent authority) or officers of GST, as the case may be, appointed for the purposes of this Act to provide, by written instructions, for supplemental matters arising out of any rule made by the Central Government (or the State Government) under this section;

(xxxv) provide for the manner of provisional attachment of property under section 77; 

(xxxvi) make provisions for determining export of taxable supply of services; 

(xxxvii) provide for grant of exemption to, or rebate of tax paid on, taxable supply of services which are exported out of India; 

(xxxviii) provide for manner of administering of payment of taxes under the compounding of tax;

(xxxix) provide for dealing with situations where goods are returned;

(xL) provide for specifying     the details        to   be    given        in    the invoices,         the maintenance  of  accounts,  the  furnishing  of  audit  reports,  and  matters related thereto;

(xLi) provide for the qualifications and  the   manner  of appointment   of  the Advance Ruling authority under section 114 of the Act, and other matters related to functioning of the authority;

(xLii)     provide for the qualifications of tax return preparers, tax practitioners and authorized representatives under various provisions of the Act, the manner of their selection or appointment or nomination, their codes of conduct, and other matters related or incidental thereto;

(xLiii)    provide for matters relating to tax deducted at source and tax collected at source;

(xLiv)    provide for matters covered by Chapter XXVII;

(xLv)     provide for the suspension of certain facilities admissible under this Act or the rules made thereunder in case of repeat violations of conditions and restrictions as may be prescribed;

(xLvi)    provide for manner of conduct of audit of registered taxable person under Chapter XVI; and

(xLvii)   any other matter related to administering or enforcing the provisions of the Act.

3. The power to make rules conferred by this section shall on the first occasion of the exercise thereof include the power to give retrospective effect to the rules or any of them from a date not earlier than the date on which the provisions of this Chapter come into force. 

4. In making rules under this section, the Central Government (or State Government) may provide that any person committing a breach of any rule shall, where no other penalty is provided by the Act, be liable to a penalty not exceeding ten thousand rupees.

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