An HUF can receive properties and other assets through a will from any person. An important thing to be kept in mind while drafting a will is to specifically mention in the will, the portion of asset which are bequeathed to a Hindu Undivided family. In absence of any specific reference to the HUF, it may be difficult to characterize the property received by way of a will as HUF Property. In this regard, reference can be had to the Delhi High Court decision in the case of CIT. Delhi—TI vs Shambhu Ram Soni reported at (1982) 138 ITR 373 wherein the question arose whether the Assessee in the instant case who had inherited certain self acquired properties of his father by way of a will were inherited by him in the Status of HUF property or devolved unto him in his individual capacity. The Hon’ble Court in this regard observed as under:
“Property gifted or bequeathed by a father to his son cannot become ancestral property in the hands of the son simply by reason of the fact that he got it from his father. The father is quite competent when he makes a gift or a bequest to provide expressly either that the son would take it exclusively for himself or that the gift or bequest would be for the benefit of his branch of the family headed by the son. If there, are express terms or provisions to that effect in the deed of gift or will, the interest which the son would take in the properties would depend on the terms of the grant. In the absence of clear words, the question would be one of construction of the gift deed or the will. The law in this regard was laid down by the Supreme Court in C N. Arunachala Mudaliar vs C. A. Muruganatha Mudal jar (1954) SCR 243, AIR 1953 SC 495, 500, in these words (p. 254):
As the law is accepted and well settled that a Mitakshara father has complete powers of disposition over his self-acquired property, it must follow asa necessary consequence that the father is quite competent to provide expressly, when he makes a gift, either that the donee would take it exclusively for himself or that the gift would be for the benefit of his branch of the family if there are express provisions to that effect either in the deed of gift or a will no difficulty is likely to arise and the interest which the son would take in such property would depend upon the terms of the grant. If, however, there are no clear words describing the kind of interest which the donee is to take, the question would be one of construction and the court would I have to collect the intention: of the donor from the, language of the document taken along with the surrounding circumstances in accordance with the well-known canons of construction. Stress would certainly have to be laid on the substance of the disposition and not on its mere form”
After deliberations as above, the Hon’bie Court finally decided as under:
“We are unable to accept the submissions of the counsel for the assessee. These contentions are not borne out from the legal consequences of the provisions of the will. Taking the document as a whole and all the relevant facts into consideration, it cannot be said that the testator intended that the bequest was an integral part of a scheme of partition and what was given to the sons was really the share of the property which would normally be allotted to him or them and in his or their branch of the family on partition. The tesator asserts his absolute right to dispose of the properties. The testator does not treat his self-acquired properties as ancestral properties and then proceed to allot to his sons and their families as in partition. In the will, the testator is conscious of the fact that he is possessed of the properties detailed therein and shall remain their owner till his death, Then, the testator mentions his family as consisting of his wife, the two sons and four daughters. There is an absence of the mention of the grandson or grandsons as forming part of the family headed respectively by the two sors. The testator then considered it advisable to make a will for the disposal of the property after his death. The disposal suggests the settlement ofthe self-acquired properties. The. testator then appoints his sons as executors and trusteesof the will. The appointment of the executors is to administer the properties according to the will by which bequests are made to two daughters of the amount stated in the will and Rs. 5,000 to each of the grand-daughters to be spent on their marriages. Arrangements are made for the wife. In respect of these obligations the testator directed them to be discharged from and out of the entire property bequeathed. Only the remainder is divided between the two sons. The appointment of the executors and trustees is an indication that the residue allotted to the two sons was not in the scheme of partition but a bequest. The testator bequeathed the property in the manner described by him in the various clauses of the will including cl. 7. He directed that the rest of the property shall be shared equally by his two sons. It cannot be that the intention of the testator was to divide his remaining property as in a partition and to allow his two sons equally for themselves and as representing their branch of the family. The words of the allotment of the rest of the property, movable and immovable, to “be shared equally by the two sons, Shambooran and Vishwanath” clearly point to an intention on the part of the testator to make it absolute and exclusive to the sons to the extent of their share. The words “whatsoever and wheresoever” are not merely in consonance with the scheme of partition, but go equally to the disposal of the property, absolutely, of the testator at the time of his demise. On a careful construction of the document as a whole, we feel that there is no indication of the intention of the testator that the property shared by the two sons equally be taken by them as ancestral property in their hands. We feel that the Tribunal did not come to a correct construction of law on the will.
A draft of such an affidavit is as follows:
The reference is answered in favour of the Revenue and against the assessee. On the facts and circumstances of the case, we make no order as to costs”
Thus, drafting of the will must be done carefully in the light of the judgement of the Apex Court cited hereinabove particularly when the property which is sought to be devolved by way of will is self acquired property and is bequeathed to a HUF.
As in the earlier case, even here it is better for the person receiving the properties to affirm an affidavit to enable one to prove the property as an HUF property.
I, CDR, son of Late DDR residing at Chowringhee Road, Kolkata-700 071 do hereby solemnly affirm and declare as follows: -
- That my father DDR died on 12th October, 2008 leaving behind certain properties as listed inhis will dated 10th August, 2008 which was his last and final will.
- That out of the said properties, the property at Chowringhee Road, Kolkata-700 071 was acquired by him by way of inheritance from my grand father.
- That the said property was bequeathed to my HUF consisting of myself, my wife, my son and my daughter
- That myself along with my wife, my son and my daughter have received it as a HUF property consisting of all of us
- That my wife, my daughter and my son have signed this affidavit as a witness to the facts as aforesaid and as an acceptance of the said facts
- That the Statements made hereinabove are true to the best of my knowledge and belief and nothing is false.
Declared at Kolkata
Witness and Confirmatories
Again in the case of constitution of HUF property by the above mode, the following precautions must be taken:
1. The HUF must be capable of being formed i.e., it must consist of more than one member.
2. The declaration should be properly worded to indicate that it is proposed to bequeath the property to HUF.
3. The Stamp paper should be of requisite value.
4. The Stamp paper should not be stale.
5. The name in which stamp paper is purchased is proper i.e., either it is in the name of the HUF or in the name of the declarant or if it is in the name of an Advocate, that Advocate must sign the declaration as a witness.