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'PENALTIES' Under Income Tax Act. 1961.

Under Income-tax Act penalties are imposed either by the departmental authorities in certain cases or are imposed by the court for certain Income-tax offences.


The power to impose a penalty is given to Assessing Officer and the Commissioner. The right to impose penalty by I.T.O. does not come to an end when an appeal in filed against the assessment made by him although in certain cases he has to obtain the prior approval of the Deputy Commissioner. The above-mentioned income-tax authorities are empowered to impose penalties for default in the course of proceedings going on before them. Penalties are imposable on the assessee by the D.C. (A) in an appeal filed by the uthoriz against the order of Assessing The Assessing Officer cannot impose a penalty on the concealed income detected by D.C. (A) in the course of appeal against the assessment completed by the Assessing Officer


Penalty Refers to Moneytary Punishment for Violation of Law

 

It is also possible that the Commissioner (A) may allow an appeal of the assessee against the orders of penalty of Assessing Officer, and may himself impose a fresh penalty


The Income-tax Act, 1961 prescribes various types of penalties in the even of defaults under the Act. These are :

 

Nature of default/failure

Sections

Penalty

Default in payment of any tax due

Section 221(1)

Such an amount as the Assessing Officer may impose but not exceeding the amount of tax.

Determination of undisclosed income of block period

Section 158BFA(2)

Minimum : 100 per cent of tax leviable in respect of  undisclosed income Maximum : 300 per cent of tax leviable in respect of undisclosed income.

Under-reporting and misreporting of income

Section 270A(1)

A sum equal to 50% of the amount of tax payable on under-reported income.
However, if under-reported income is in consequence of any misreporting thereof by any person, the penalty shall be equal to 200% of the  amount of tax payable on under-reported income

Failure to comply with notice issued under section 142(1) or section 143(2) and direction for audit under section 142(2A).

Section 271(1)(b)

Rs. 10,000 for each failure. This section shall not apply to and in relation to any assessment for the A.Y commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2017.

Concealment of income or furnishing inaccurate particulars of income

Section 271(1)(c)

100% to 300% of the tax evaded. This section shall not apply to and in relation to any assessment for the A.Y commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2017.

Distribution of profits by registered firm otherwise than in accordance with partnership deed and as a result of which partner has returned income below the real income

Section 271(4)

Not exceeding 150 per cent of difference between tax on partner’s income assessed and tax on income returned, in addition to tax payable This section shall not apply to and in relation to any assessment for the A.Y commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2017.

'PENALTIES' Under Income Tax Act. 1961

Failure to keep, maintain or retain books of account, documents, etc., as are required under section 44AA

Section 271A

Rs. 25,000

Failure to keep and maintain information and documents required in respect of international transaction or specified domestic transaction, failure to report such transaction, etc.

Section 271AA

2% of the value of each international transaction or specified domestic transaction entered into by the taxpayer.

Failure to furnish information and document as required under Section 92D(4)

Section 271AA(2)

Rs. 5,00,000/-

Penalty in case of search (Search is initiated on or after July 1, 2012 but before December 15, 2016)

Section 271AAB

10%, 20% and 60% of the undisclosed income, as the case may be.

Penalty in case of search (if search is initiated on or after December 15, 2016)

Section 271AAB

30% or 60% of undisclosed income, as the case may be

Penalty where income includes any income referred to in Section 68, Section 69, Section 69A, Section 69B, Section 69C or Section 69D.

Section 271AAC

10% of tax payable on undisclosed income

Failure to get accounts audited or furnish a report of audit as required under section 44AB

Section 271B

One-half per cent of total sales turnover or gross receipts, etc., or Rs. 1,50,000, whichever is less

Failure to furnish a report from an accountant as required by section 92E

Section 271BA

Rs. 1,00,000

Failure to deduct tax at source, wholly or partly or failure to pay wholly or partly tax under section 115- O(2)

Section 271C

An amount equal to tax not deducted (in case of TDS) or tax not paid (in case of dividend distribution tax)

Failure to collect tax at source

Section 271CA

An amount equal to tax not collected.

Taking or accepting certain loans or deposits or specified sum* in contravention of provisions of section 269SS “Specified sum” means any sum of money receivable, whether as advance or otherwise, in relation to transfer of an immovable property, whether or not the transfer takes place.

Section 271D

An amount equal to loan or deposit or specified sum so taken or accepted.

Accepting cash of Rs. 2,00,000 or more in contravention to Section

Section 271DA

An amount equivalent to cash receipt

Repaying loans or deposits or specified advance* in contravention of provisions of section 269T “Specified advance” means any sum of money in the nature of  advance, by whatever name called, in relation to transfer of an immovable property, whether or not transfer takes place

Section 271E

An amount equal to loan or deposit or specified advance so repai

Failure to furnish the return of income before the end of the assessment year

Section 271F

Rs. 5,000 [Not applicable for any AY commencing on or after 1st April, 2018]

Failure to furnish statement of financial transaction or reportable account (previously called as Annual Information Return) as required under section 285BA(1)

Section 271FA

Rs. 500 or Rs. 1,000, as the case may be, per day of default

Failure to furnish an accurate statement of financial  transaction or reportable account

Section 271FAA

Rs. 50,000

Failure to furnish statement or information or document [as required under Section 9A(5)] by an eligible investment fund within the prescribed time-limit.

Section 271FAB

An amount equal to Rs. 5,00,000

Failure to furnish any information or document as required by section 92D(3)

Section 271G

2% of the value of the international transaction or specified domestic transaction for each such failure

Failure to furnish information or document under section 285A* by an Indian concern. *Section 285A provides that where any share or interest of foreign company derives its value substantially from assets located in India, and such company holds such assets in India through Indian Concern then such Indian concern shall furnish the prescribed information to the income-tax authority.

Section 271GA

A sum equal to 2% of the value of the transaction in respect of which such failure has taken place, if such transaction had the effect of directly or indirectly transferring the right of management or control in relation to the Indian concern; An amount equal to Rs. 5,00,000 in any other case

 

Failure to furnish report under section 286(2)

Section 271GB(1)

Rs. 5,000 per day up to 30 days and Rs. 15,000 per day beyond 30 days

Failure to produce the information and documents within the period allowed under section 271GB(6)

Section 271GB(2)

Rs. 5,000 for every day during which the failure continues.

Failure to furnish report or failure to produce information/documents under section 286 even after serving order under section 271GB(1) or 271GB(2)

Section 271GB(3)

Rs. 50,000 for every day for which such failure continues beginning from the date of serving such order.

Failure to inform about inaccuracy in report furnish under section 286(2) Or furnishing of inaccurate information or document in response to notice issued under section 286(6).

Section 271GB(4)

Rs. 5,00,000

Failure to file the TDS/TCS return

Section 271H

Not less than Rs.10,000 and upto Rs. 1,00,000

Failure to furnish information or furnishing of inaccurate information under Section 195(6) in respect of payment made to non-residents.

Section 271-I

An amount equal to Rs. 1,00,000

Furnishing of Incorrect information by an Chartered Accountant or a merchant banker or a registered valuer in a report or certificate

Section 271J

Rs. 10,000 for each such report or certificate

Failure to co-operate with the tax authorities, (i.e., not answering any question, not signing statements, etc.) or failure to comply with notice issued under section 142(1)/143(2) or failure to comply with direction issued under section 142(2A).

Section 272A(1)

Rs. 10,000 for each failure/default

Penalty under section 272A(2)

Section 272A(2)

Rs. 100 per day for every day during which the default continues.

Failure to comply with section 133B

Section 272AA(1)

An amount not exceeding Rs.  1,000

Failure to comply with provisions relating to Permanent Account Number (PAN)

Section 272B

Rs. 10,000

Failure to comply with provisions relating to Tax Deduction Account Number or Tax Collection Account Number

Section 272BB(1)

Rs. 10,000

Failure to comply with the provisions relating to Tax Collection Account Number

Section 272BBB

Rs. 10,000

Related Topics...Penalty

[Section 270AA] : Immunity from Imposition of Penalty and Initiation of Proceedings under Section 276C or 276CC
Penalties for different Defaults under Income Tax Act.
Penalty for default in making payment of Self Assessment Tax [Section 221(1)]
Penalty For Under-Reporting And Mis-Reporting Of Income (Section 270A)
'PENALTIES' Under Income Tax Act. 1961.
Power of Commissioner to Grant Immunity from Penalty [Section 273AA]
Power to Reduce or Waive Penalty (Section 273A)
Types of Penalties imposed under Income Tax Act. 1961
 

 

 
 
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