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Power Of Income Tax Authorities Relating To Search And Seizure

1.2.      POWER OF INCOME TAX AUTHORITIES RELATING TO SEARCH AND SEIZURE [ SECTION 132]

Entering and Searching the Premises :

Where the Director General or Director or the Chief Commissioner or Commissioner or any such Joint Director or Joint Commissioner as may be empowered in this behalf by the Board , in consequence of information in his possession, has reason to believe that—

(a)        any person to whom a summons under sub-section (1) of section 131 of this Act, or under sub-section (1) of section 142 of this Act was issued to produce, or cause to be produced, any books of account or other documents has omitted or failed to produce, or cause to be produced, such books of account or other documents as required by such summons or notice, or

(b)        any person to whom a summons or notice as aforesaid has been or might be issued will not, or would not, produce or cause to be produced, any books of account or other documents which will be useful for, or relevant to, any proceeding under the Indian Income-tax Act or ;

(c)        any person is in possession of any money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or
thing and such money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing represents either wholly or partly income or property [which has not been, or would not be, disclosed] for the purposes of the Indian Income-tax Act.

Then---

(A)       the Director General or Director or the Chief Commissioner or Commissioner, as the case may be, may authorise any Joint Director, Joint Commissioner, Assistant Director or Deputy Director, Assistant Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner or Income-tax Officer, or

    1. such Joint Director, or Joint Commissioner , as the case may be, may authorise any

    2. Assistant Director or Deputy Director, Assistant Commissioner or Deputy Commissioner or Income-tax Officer, the officer so authorised in all cases being hereinafter referred to as the authorised officer to—

(i)         enter and search any [building, place, vessel, vehicle or aircraft] where he has reason to suspect that such books of account, other documents, money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing are kept;

(ii)        break open the lock of any door, box, locker, safe, almirah or other receptacle for exercising the powers conferred by clause (i) where the keys thereof are not available;

(iia)      search any person who has got out of, or is about to get into, or is in, the building, place,
vessel, vehicle or aircraft, if the authorised officer has reason to suspect that such person has secreted about his person any such books of account, other documents, money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing;

(iib)      require any person who is found to be in possession or control of any books of account or
other documents maintained in the form of electronic record as defined in clause (t) of subsection (1) of section 2 of the Information Technology Act, 2000 (21 of 2000), to afford the authorised officer the necessary facility to inspect such books of account or other documents;]

(iii)       seize any such books of account, other documents, money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing found as a result of such search:

(iv)       place marks of identification on any books of account or other documents or make or cause to be made extracts or copies therefrom;

(v)        make a note or an inventory of any such money, bullion, jewellery or other valuable article or thing :

Where any building, place, vessel, vehicle or aircraft referred to in clause (i) is within the area of jurisdiction of any [Chief Commissioner or Commissioner], but such [Chief Commissioner or Commissioner] has no jurisdiction over the person referred to in clause (a) or clause (b) or clause (c), then, notwithstanding anything contained in section [120], it shall be competent for him to exercise the powers under this sub-section in all cases where he has reason to believe that any delay in getting the authorisation from the [Chief Commissioner or Commissioner] having jurisdiction over such person may be prejudicial to the interests of the revenue :]

The Finance Act, 1988 has further that where it is not possible or practicable to take physical possession of any valuable article or thing and remove it to a safe place due to its volume, weight or other physical characteristics or due to its being of a dangerous nature, the authorised officer may serve an order on the owner or the person who is in immediate possession or control thereof that he shall not remove, part with or otherwise deal with it, except with the previous permission of such authorised officer.

 
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