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Provision of MAT ( Minimum Alternate Tax) for payment of Tax by certain Companies [Section 115JB]

Tax payable for any Assessment year Cannot be Less than 18.5% of Book Profit:

Where in the case of a company, the income-tax payable on the total income as computed under the Income-tax Act, in respect of previous year relevant to the assessment year 2012-13 or thereafter is less than 18.5% of its book profit, such book profit shall be deemed to be the total income of the assessee and the tax payable by the assessee on such total income (book profit) shall be the amount of the income-tax at the rate of 18.5%.

Thus in case of a company income tax payable shall be higher of the following two amounts:

  1. Tax on total income computed as per the normal provisions of the Act by charging applicable normal rates and special rates if any income included in the total income of the company is taxable at special rates.

  2. 18.5% of book profit

MAT Rate to be 9% instead of 18.5% in case of a Unit Located in an International Financial Services Center [Section 115JB(7)]

Notwithstanding anything contained in section 115JB(1), where the assessee referred to therein, is a unit located in an International Financial Services Center and derives its income solely in convertible foreign exchange, the provisions of section 115JB(1) shall have the effect as if for the words "eighteen and one-half per cent" wherever occurring in that sub-section, the words "nine per cent" had been substituted.

Provision of MAT ( Minimum Alternate Tax) for payment of Tax by certain Companies [Section 115JB]

Provisions of Section-115JB not to apply in certain cases..

The provisions of section 115JB shall not apply in case of the following:

  1. Any income accruing or arising to a company from life insurance business referred to in section 115B [Section 115JB(5A)].

  2. A foreign company, if—

    1. the assessee is a resident of a country or a specified territory with which India has an agreement referred to in section 90(1) or the Central Government has adopted any agreement under section 90A(1) and the assessee does not have a permanent establishment in India in accordance with the provisions of such agreement; or

    2. the assessee is a resident of a country with which India does not have an agreement of the nature referred to in clause (i) and the assessee is not required to seek registration under any law for the time being in force relating to companies.

Book Profit - How to Determine ( Section 115JB)

(A). Positive Adjustment : Amount to be Added Back if Dedibted to Profit and Loss Account :

  1. Income-tax paid or payable and the provisions Income-tax, interest under the Income-tax Act, dividend therefor

  2. Amounts carried to any reserves, by whatever name called

  3. Amount or amounts set aside to provisions made for meeting liabilities, other than ascertained liabilities

  4. Amount by way of provision for losses of subsidiary companies

  5. Amount or amounts of dividends paid or proposed

  6. Amount of expenditure relatable to certain incomes (if such income is not subject to minimum alternate tax)

  7. (From the assessment year 2007-08), the amount of Depreciation

  8. Amount of deferred tax and the provisions therefor and the amount or amounts set aside as provision for diminution in the value of any asset.

    1. Amount standing in revaluation reserve relating to revalued asset on the retirement or disposal of such asset

    2. Amount of income/loss in the case of units referred to in section 47(xvii)

(B). Negative Adjustments -Amount to be Deducted from Net Profit :

  1. Amount withdrawn from reserves or provisions, if any such amount is credited to the profit and loss account.

  2. Income exempt from tax :

  • The following income, if credited to profit and loss account, shall be deducted—

    • long-term capital gain exempt under section 10(38) for the assessment years 2005-06 and 2006-07;

    • income exempt under section 10(23G) up to the assessment year 2004-05;

    • income exempt under other clauses of section 10;

    • income exempt under sections 10A and 10B up to the assessment year 2007-08;

    • income exempt under sections 11 and 12;

    • share of profit from an AOP on which no income-tax is payable in accordance with the provisions of section 86 (applicable from the assessment year 2016-17);

    • (in the case of a foreign company) interest, royalty or technical fees chargeable to tax under sections 115A to 115BBE, or capital gain arising on transactions in securities, if income-tax payable in respect of these incomes under normal provisions (other than provisions governing MAT) is less than the rate of MAT (applicable from the assessment year 2016-17); and

    • royalty in respect of patent chargeable to tax under section 115BBF.

  1. Depreciation (other than because of revaluation of assets) debited to profit and loss account (applicable from the assessment year 2007-08 onwards)

  2. Amount withdrawn from revaluation reserve credited to profit and loss account to the extent it does not exceed the amount of depreciation on account of revaluation of assets [applicable from the assessment year 2007-08].

  3. Aggregate amount of unabsorbed depreciation and loss brought forward in case of a company against whom an application for corporate insolvency resolution process has been admitted by the Adjudicating Authority under section 7/9/10 of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (applicable from the assessment year 2018-19)

  4. Amount of loss (before depreciation) brought forward or unabsorbed depreciation, whichever is less, as per books of account [not being a company which is covered by Item 12A (supra)]

  5. Amount of profit eligible for deduction under sections 80HHC, 80HHE and 80HHF

  6. Profit of sick industrial unit

  7. The amount of deferred tax, if any such amount is credited to the profit and loss account.

  8. Amount of income/loss in the case of units referred to in section 47(xvii)

 

 

 

 

 

 
 

Topics on ... Assessment & Taxation of Companies

Company Taxation-Meaning and Definition
Types of Companies under Income Tax Act.
Residential Status Of A Company [Section 6(3)]
Incidence Of Tax—Scope Of Total Income (Section 5)
Types of Incomes (Section 7)
Carry Forward and Set Off of Business Losses ( Section 72)
Special Provisions Regarding Losses Relating To Companies Only (Section 72A, 72AA, 72AB)
Deductions Out Of Gross Total Income in case of Companies ( Section 80G to 80LA)
Provision of MAT ( Minimum Alternate Tax) for payment of Tax by certain Companies [Section 115JB]
Calculation of 'Book Profits' for the Purpose of MAT (Section 115JB)
Tax Credit in respect of Tax paid on Deemed Income under MAT Provisions (Section 115JAA)
Amounts Expressively Allowed as Deduction [Section 30 to 37]
Section 40A of Income Tax Act. ( Expenses or Payments not Deductible)
Expenditure on Scientific Research (Section 35)
Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) [Section 115JB]
(Section 35D and Rule 6AB) : Amortization of Certain Preliminary Expenses
 
 
 
 
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