As per section 10(4), agricultural income earned by the taxpayer in India is exempt from tax. Agricultural income is defined under section 2(1A) of the Income-tax Act. As per section 2(1A), agricultural income generally means:
Any rent or revenue derived from land which is situated in India and is used for agricultural purposes.
Any income derived from such land by agriculture operations including processing of agricultural produce so as to render it fit for the market or sale of such produce.
Any income attributable to a farm house subject to satisfaction of certain conditions specified in this regard in section 2(1A).
Any income derived from saplings or seedlings grown in a nursery shall be deemed to be agricultural income.