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[Section-35AD] : Deduction in respect of Expenditure incurred on setting up of a Specified Business

  1. To whom Deduction Under Section-35AD shall be allowed :

  2. Nature and Amount of Deduction Under Section-35AD:

  3. Expenditure incurred prior to commencement of operation to be allowed in the year of commencement of operation Under Section-35AD:

  4. Conditions to be satisfied by the Specified Business to apply the Section-35AD:

  5. Consequences Of Claiming Deduction Under Section 35AD -

1. To whom Deduction Under Section-35AD shall be allowed :

Conditions-1 : Specified Business -

Deduction under section 35AD shall be allowed to the assessee who is carrying on any of the following specified business:

  1. setting up and operating a cold chain facility;

  2. setting up and operating a warehousing facility for storage of agricultural produce;

  3. laying and operating a cross-country natural gas or crude or petroleum oil pipeline network for distribution, including storage facilities being an integral part of such network;

  4. the business of building and operating anywhere in India, a hotel of two-star or above category, as classified by the Central Government;

  5. building and operating, anywhere in India, a hospital with at least 100 beds for patients;

  6. developing and building a housing project under a scheme for slum redevelopment or rehabilitation framed by the Central Government or a State Government, as the case may be, and notified by the Board in this behalf in accordance with the guidelines as may be prescribed;

  7. developing and building a housing project under a scheme for affordable housing framed by the Central Government or a State Government, as the case may be, and notified by the Board in this behalf in accordance with the guidelines as may be prescribed;

  8. production of fertiliser in India;

  9. setting up and operating an Inland Container Depot or Container Freight Station notified and approved under the Customs Act, 1962;

  10. bee-keeping and production of honey and beeswax; and

  11. setting up and operating a warehousing facility for storage of sugar.

  12. laying and operating a slurry pipeline for the transportation of iron ore;

  13. setting up and operating a semiconductor wafer fabrication manufacturing unit, if such unit is notified by the Board in accordance with the prescribed guidelines;

  14. developing or maintaining and operating or developing maintaining and operating a new infrastructure facility

Business mentioned in clause (12) or (13) above should commence its operation on or after 1-4-2014.

Deductions from Gross Income under the Head 'Profits and Gains of Business or Professions' [Section 30 to 37]

Condition-2 :

  • Specified business should be new business -

The specified business should not be set up by splitting up, or the reconstruction, of a business already in existence. Moreover, it should not be set up by the transfer of old plant and machinery.

  • 20 per cent old machinery is permitted -

If the value of the transferred assets does not exceed 20 per cent of the total value of the machinery or plant used in the business, this condition is deemed to have been satisfied.

  • Second-hand imported machinery is treated as new -

Any machinery or plant which was used outside India by any person (other than the assessee) shall not be regarded as machinery or plant previously used for any purpose, if the following conditions are fulfilled—

  1. Such machinery or plant was not, at any time previous to the date of the installation by the assessee, used in India.

  2. Such machinery or plant is imported into India from any country outside India.

  3. No deduction on account of depreciation in respect of such machinery or plant has been allowed or is allowable under the Act in computing the total income of any person for any period prior to the date of the installation of the machinery or plant by the assessee.

Condition 3 - Audit of books of account -

Books of account of the assessee should be audited.

2. Nature and Amount of Deduction Under Section-35AD:

100% Deduction shall be allowed an account of any expenditure of capital nature incurred wholly and exclusively for the purpose of the above specified business carried on by such assessee during the previous year in which such expenditure in incurred by him.

However, this is subject to the following 3 Propositions—

  1. Expenditure incurred on the acquisition of any land or goodwill or financial instrument is not eligible for any deduction under section 35AD.

  2. Deduction under section 35AD is not available (with effect from the assessment year 2018-19) pertaining to any expenditure in respect of which payment (or aggregate of payments) made to a person in a day (otherwise than by an account payee cheque/draft/use of electronic clearing system through a bank account) exceeds Rs. 10,000.

  3. Expenditure incurred prior to the commencement of operation, wholly and exclusively, for the purpose of any specified business, shall be allowed as deduction during the previous year in which the assessee commences the operation of his specified business, if the amount is capitalized in the books of account of the assessee on the date of commencement of operation.

3. Expenditure incurred prior to commencement of operation to be allowed in the year of commencement of operation Under Section-35AD:

The expenditure incurred, wholly and exclusively, for the purposes of any specified business, shall be allowed as deduction during the previous year in which he commences operations of his specified business, if—

  1. the expenditure is incurred prior to the commencement of its operations; and
  2. the amount is capitalized in the books of account of the assessee on the date of commencement of its operations.

4. Conditions to be satisfied by the Specified Business to apply the Section-35AD:

This section applies to the specified business which fulfils all the following conditions:

  1. it is not set up by splitting up, or the reconstruction, of a business already in existence;

  2. it is not set up by the transfer to the specified business of machinery or plant previously used for any purpose;

  3. where the business is of laying and operating a cross country natural gas or crude or petroleum oil pipelines network it should satisfy the following conditions also:

    1. it is owned by a Indian or by a consortium of such companies or by an authority or a board or a corporation established or constituted under any Central or State Act;

    2. it has been approved by the Notified Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board;

    3. it has made such proportion of its total pipeline capacity available for use on common carrier basis by any person other than the assessee or an associated person as prescribed by the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board; and

    4. any other condition as may be prescribed.

  4. any asset in respect of which a deduction is claimed and allowed under section 35AD, shall be used only for the specified business for a period of eight years beginning with the previous year in which such asset is acquired or constructed.

Further, if such asset is used for any purpose other than the specified business during the period of 8 years specified in section 35AD(7A), otherwise then by way of a mode referred to in section 28(vii), the total amount of deduction so claimed and allowed in any previous year in respect of such asset, as reduced by the amount of depreciation allowable in accordance with the provisions of section 32 as if no deduction had been allowed under section 35AD, shall be deemed to be income of the assessee chargeable under the head "Profits and gains of business or profession" of the previous year in which the asset is so used.

5. Consequences Of Claiming Deduction Under Section 35AD -

The following consequences should be noted—

  1. If deduction is claimed and allowed under section 35AD, the assessee shall not be allowed any deduction in respect of the specified business under the provisions of Chapter VIA under sections 80HH to 80RRB or under section 10AA for the same or any other assessment year.

  2. No deduction in respect of the expenditure in respect of which deduction has been claimed shall be allowed to the assessee under any other provisions of the Income-tax Act.

  3. Any sum received or receivable on account of any capital asset, in respect of which deduction has been allowed under section 35AD, being demolished, destroyed, discarded or transferred shall be treated as income of the assessee and chargeable to income-tax under the head “Profits and gains of business or profession”.

  4. Any loss computed in respect of the specified business shall not be set off except against profits and gains, if any, of any other specified business. To the extent the loss is unabsorbed, the same will be carried forward for set off against profits and gains from any specified business in the following assessment year and so on (no timelimit for carry forward of such loss).

  5. If the assessee owns two units one of them qualifies for deduction under section 35AD and the other one is not eligible for the same and there is inter-unit transfer of goods or services between the two units, then for the purpose of section 35AD calculation will be made as if such transactions are made at the market value.

  6. An asset (in respect of which a deduction is claimed and allowed under section 35AD) shall be used only for the specified business for a period of 8 years beginning with the previous year in which such asset is acquired or constructed. If such asset is used for any purpose other than the specified business, the total amount of deduction so claimed and allowed in any previous year in respect of such asset (as reduced by the amount of depreciation allowable in accordance with the provisions of section 32 as if no deduction had been allowed under section 35AD) shall be deemed to be business income of the assessee of the previous year in which the asset is so used.

    However, this provision will not apply to a company which has become a sick industrial company under section 17(1) of the Sick Industrial Companies (Special Provisions) Act within the time period of 8 years as stated above.

Topics...on ‘Profits and Gains of Business or Profession’

Define … ‘Profits and Gains of Business or Profession’ and its Computation (Section 28)
Method of Accounting for Computing Business Income (Section 145)
Principles for Allowing Business Deductions / Allowances from Profits and Gains of Business or Profession.
Expenses Allowed as Deductions against Profits and Gains of Business or Profession [Section-30-37]
[Section 37(1)] : General Or Allowable Deductions under Business or Professions
Business Losses Deductible under the head  'Profits and Gains of Business or Profession'.
Expenses Not Deductible under the head 'Profits and Gains of Business or Profession (Section 40, 40A, 43B)
DEEMED PROFITS Chargeable to Tax as Business Income Under Profits and Gains of Business or Professions [Section 41]
Taxation of Undisclosed Business Income/Investments from Undisclosed Sources
Deduction in respect of Expenditure incurred on setting up of a Specified Business [Section-35AD] :
When Maintenance of Books of Accounts becomes Compulsory (Section 44AA)
Compulsory Audit of Books of Accounts by Chartered Accountant (Section 44AB)
Computation of Income On Estimated Basis Under Sections 44AD, 44ADA and 44AE
 
 
 
 
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