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House Remt Allowance [HRA] for Calculating Salary Income


(a)       Employees living in hired (rented) houses. Sometimes the employer does not provide rent- free accommodation but instead makes a provision to pay some amount in cash, so that the employee may be compensated to some extent as far as rent is concerned. The amount of cash paid is known as House Rent Allowance. Out of the total H.R.A. received, an amount equal to the minimum of the following three items is exempted from tax u/s 10(1 3A) read with Rule 2A and balance, if any, will be added in the salary of the employee for tax purpose. The three items are

(i)         50% of salary in case of Bombay, Calcutta, Delhi and Madras, and 40% of salary in case of all other cities, or

(ii)        Actual House Rent Allowance received; or

(iii)       The amount by which the actual rent paid by the employee exceeds 10% of his salary.

Taxable HRA = Actual HRA received — Exempted amount

Important Notes :

  1. Meaning of Salary

Salary = Basic + DA (Enters) / DP + Commission on turnover

In Gestener Duplicators (P) Ltd. vs. CIT (1979) (S.C.), it was held that in case a commission is given to an employee and it is a fixed % of turnover achieved by such employee, such commission shall also be treated as part of the salary for House Rent Allowance.

    • Salary to be taken. For HRA exemption, salary is to be taken on due basis in suspect of the period during which rented accomodation is occupied by the employee during the previous year.

    • Cases when HRA is fully taxable. HRA is fully taxable in any of the following cases

    • If employee is living in his own house, or

    • If employee is living in a house for which he is not paying any rent, or

    • If rent paid does not exceed 10% of salary.

    • H.R.A fully Exempted. In case HRA is received by judges of High Court under High Court Judges (condition of service) Act I 94 and Supreme Court Judges under Supreme Court Judges (conditions of Service) Act, 1958 shall he exempted.

    • The Exemption of HRA u/s 10 (1 3A) read with rule 2A shall be available even if employee is living in a rented houses at a ace other than the place of his employment.

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More Topics .... @ SALARY
Salary-Definition & Meaning

Computation of Salary Income

Definition of Word ‘Salary’ [ Section 17(1)]

Section-15 : List of Incomes Chargeable to Income Tax under the head ‘ SALARIES’

Important Points / Characteristics for Computing Salary Income

Provident Fund

Treatment of Provident Funds (PF) for Computing Salary Income

Taxable Portion of annual accretion to RPF [Section 17(1)(vii)]. for Computing Salary Income

Transferred Balance from URPF to RPF [Section 17(1)(vii] for Computing Salary Income

Refund from Provident Fund [Section 17(3)(ii)] for Computing Salary Income

New Pension Scheme [ NPS] for Central Government and other Employees joining new jobs on or after 1-1-2004 for Computing Salary Income

Allowance [ Section 17(3)]

Allowance [ Section 17(3)] – for Computing ‘Salary’ Income

Fully Exempted Allowances for Computing ‘Salary’ Income

Fully Taxable Allowances for Computing ‘Salary’ Income

House Rent Allowance (HRA) for Computing ‘Salary’ Income

Allowances covered u/s 10 (14) for Computing ‘Salary’ Income

Meaning Of Salary For Different Purposes
PERQUISITES [Section 17(2)]

Meaning and Types of Perquisites [ Section 17(2)]

Taxability of Perquisites for Computing Salary Income

Perks Exempted From Tax for all Employees and not added in Salary Income

Rent Free House [Section 17(2)(i) Rule 3(1)]

Rules Regarding Calculation Of Value Of Rent Free House

Valuation Of Rent Free Accomodation (Unfurnished & Furnished)

Valuation of Rent Free Accommodation Provided as Concessional Rent [Sec. 17(2)ii)]

Obligation of Employee of Rent Free House met by Employer [Section 17(2)(iv)]

Sum payable by the Employer directly or through a fund to effect an assurance / an annuity [Section 17(2)(v)]

Any specified security or sweat equity shares allotted or transferred to employee [Section 17(2)(vi)] [ w.e.f. 1-4-2009]

Contribution to an Approved Superannuation Fund by the Employer [Sec. 17(2)(vii)]

Interest free or Concessional loan from employer [Rule 3(7)(i)]

Valuation of Perk in respect of Travelling, Touring, Accommodation

Food or Beverages Facility by Employer to Employee

Valuation of Perquisite in respect of Gift Voucher or Token

Valuation of Perquisite in respect of Credit Card

Valuation of Perquisite in respect of Club Facility

Use of Moveable Assets by Employer to Employee

Transfer Of Moveable Assets to the employee

Meaning of Specified Employee for Taxable Perquisites [Section 17(2)(iii) Rule 3]

Valuation of Perquisite of Motor Car or any Other Automotive Conveyance [Rule 3(2)]

Perquisite of Free domestic servants [Rule 3(3)]

Perquisite in respect of free supply of gas, electric energy, water supply [Rule 3(4)]

Free Educational Facilities to Children of Employee’s Household [Rule 3(5)]

Facility of Free or Concessional Private Journey to an employee by the employer engaged in the carriage of passengers or goods [Rule 3(6)]

Receipts treated as Profit in Lieu of Salary [ Section 17(3)]

Leave Travel Concessional (LTC) Assistance [Section 10(5)]

Death-Cum-Retirement Gratuity [Section 10(10)]

Non-Government employees receiving gratuity under payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 [POGA]

Non-Government Employees receiving gratuity (Not covered under payment of Gratuity Act)

PENSION [Monthly and Commuted] for Computing Salary Income

Leave Encashment [Section 10(10AA)] for Computing Salary Income

Any amount received as compensation on termination of employment [Section-10B]

Any amount received on voluntary retirement [Section 10(10C)]

Payment received from Recognised Provident Fund [Section 10(12)]

Any payment from Superannuation Fund [Section 10(13)]


Entertainment Allowance to Government Employees [Section-16(ii)]

Tax on Employment Under Section - 16(iii)


Section - 80C : Deductions from Gross Total Income (GTI) in case of Individual and HUF

Qualifying Amount ( Q.A.) for Deduction U/s 80C

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