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Computation and Payment of Advance Tax [Section 209(1)(a) and (d)]

  1. Computation and Payment of Advance Tax where the Calculation is made by the Assessee Himself [Section 209(1)(a) and (d)]

  2. Payment of Advance Tax by the Assessee on his Own Accord under Section 210(1):

  3. Payment of Advance Tax in pursuance of an Order / Amended Order of Assessing Officer under Sections 210(3) and 210(4):

  4. Computation of Tax by Assessing Officer [Section 209(1)(b) read with section 209(2)(a)]:

  5. Amendment of Order of Assessing Officer for payment of Advance Tax [Section 210(4)]:

  6. Assessee can Submit his Own Estimate if its Current Income is likely to be Lower [Section 210(5) and Rule 39]:

  7. Net Agricultural Income to be taken into account for Computing Advance Tax [Section 209(2)]:

1. Computation and Payment of Advance Tax where the Calculation is made by the Assessee Himself [Section 209(1)(a) and (d)]

The amount of advance tax payable by an assessee in the financial year on his own accord as per section 210(1) or 210(2) or 210(5) or section 210(6) on the estimated current income shall be computed as follows:

Step I

— Estimate the current income of the financial year for which the advance tax is payable.

Step II

— Compute tax on such estimated current income at the rate(s) of tax given under Part III of the First Schedule of the relevant Finance Act.

Step III

— On the net tax, if any, computed at Step III, add surcharge if applicable.

Step IV

— Add education cess + SHEC to the amount computed under step IV.

Step V

— Allow relief, if any, under section 89, 90, 90A & 91.

Step VI

— Deduct credit, if allowable, under section 115JAA (MAT credit) or 115JD (AMT credit) of the tax paid in earlier years.

Step VII

— Deduct the tax deductible or collectable at source during the financial year from any income (as computed before allowing deduction admissible under the Act) which has been taken into account in computing the current income [Section 209(1)(d)].

Step VIII

— The balance amount is the advance tax payable provided it is Rs.10,000 or more. However, it will be payable in certain instalments.

Computation and Payment of Advance Tax [Section 209(1)(a) and (d)]

2. Payment of Advance Tax by the Assessee on his Own Accord under Section 210(1):

Every person who is liable to pay advance tax under section 208 (whether or not he has been previously assessed by way of regular assessment) shall, of his own accord, pay, on or before each of the due dates specified in section 211, the appropriate percentage, specified in that section, of the advance tax on his current income, calculated in the manner laid down in section 209. See para 20.3.

Increase or Decrease of Subsequent Instalments [Section 210(2)]:

A person who pays any instalment or instalments of advance tax under sub-section (1), may increase or reduce the amount of advance tax payable in the remaining instalment or instalments to accord with his estimate of his current income and the advance tax payable thereon, and make payment of the said amount in the remaining instalment or instalments accordingly.

3. Payment of Advance Tax in pursuance of an Order / Amended Order of Assessing Officer under Sections 210(3) and 210(4):

Although it is mandatory for the assessee to calculate and pay advance tax, the Assessing Officer may pass an order under section 210(3) or amended order under section 210(4) and issue a notice of demand under section 156 requiring the assessee to pay advance tax. Such order can be passed by Assessing Officer on the assessee, only when the following conditions are satisfied:

  1. The assessee has already been assessed by way of a regular assessment in respect of the Total Income of any previous year;

  2. Such notice can be issued whether the assessee has paid any instalment of advance tax or not;

  3. The Assessing Officer is of the opinion that such person is liable to pay advance tax;

  4. Such order can be passed at any time during the financial year, but not later than the last day of February.

  5. Such order must be made in writing.

  6. The notice of demand should specify the amount of advance tax and the instalment or instalments in which such advance tax is to be paid.

Deductions [Sections 80A to 80U (Chapter VIA)]
Deductions [Sections 80A to 80U (Chapter VIA)]

Deductions to be made in Computing Total Income [Sections 80A to 80U (Chapter VIA)]

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4. Computation of Tax by Assessing Officer [Section 209(1)(b) read with section 209(2)(a)]:

The Assessing Officer, for determining the advance tax payable by the assessee under section 210(3), shall take the current income of the assessee to be the higher of the following two:

  1. The Total Income of the latest previous year in respect of which the assessee has been assessed by way of regular assessment (it will also include agricultural income of such previous year which has been taken into account for rate purposes); or

  2. The Total Income returned by the assessee for any previous year subsequent to the previous year for which regular assessment has been made (it will also include agricultural income of such previous year which has been taken into account for rate purposes).

Tax on above current income at the rate in force during the financial year will be calculated by the Assessing Officer. From such tax calculated, the amount of income-tax which would be deductible or collectable at source during the said financial year shall be reduced and the amount of income-tax as so reduced shall be the advance tax payable.

 

5. Amendment of Order of Assessing Officer for payment of Advance Tax [Section 210(4)]:

If, after making the above order, by the Assessing Officer, but before 1st March,

  1. a return of income is furnished by the assessee under section 139 or in response to a notice under section 142(1), or
  2. a regular assessment of the assessee is made, in respect of a later previous year, for any higher figure,

then the Assessing Officer may amend his order and issue to such assessee a notice of demand under section 156 on the basis of income declared in such return or income so assessed (such income shall also include agricultural income which has been taken into account for rate purposes).

On receipt of the revised order, the assessee will have to pay advance tax accordingly. Such sum shall be payable at the appropriate percentages on or before the due dates specified in section 211 falling after the date of amended order.

6. Assessee can Submit his Own Estimate if its Current Income is likely to be Lower [Section 210(5) and Rule 39]:

On receipt of the order/amended order to pay advance tax from the Assessing Officer, the assessee, if in his estimation, the advance tax payable on his current income would be less than the amount of the advance tax specified in such order/amended order, can submit his own estimate of lower current income and pay advance tax on the basis of his estimation at appropriate percentages on or before the due dates specified in section 211 falling after the date of order/amended order. In such a case, the assessee will have to send an intimation in Form No. 28A to the Assessing Officer on or before the due date of last instalment specified in section 211.

Assessee to pay Advance Tax on his Own Estimate if its Current Income is likely to be Higher [Section 210(6)]:

If the assessee estimates that current income is likely to be higher than the amount estimated by the Assessing Officer in the order/amended order or in the intimation sent by him under section 210(5), the assessee shall pay whole of such higher tax according to his own estimate on or before the due date of each instalment specified in section 211. In this case, there is no need to send an intimation in Form No. 28A to the Assessing Officer.

Taxation in Business & Profession [Section 28 to 44]
Taxation in Business & Profession [Section 28 to 44]

Computation of income under the head 'Profits and Gains of Business or Professions' [Section 28 to 44]

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7. Net Agricultural Income to be taken into account for Computing Advance Tax [Section 209(2)]:

The amount of advance tax payable by an assessee in the financial year calculated by:

  1. The assessee on his own accord by estimate in current income; or

  2. The Assessing Officer in pursuance of order under section 210(3) or revised order under section 210(4).

is subject to the provisions of section 209(2), which states that the net agricultural income is to be taken in to account for the purpose of computation of advance tax.

Which year's agricultural income is to be included in the current income for computing advance tax:

As already stated above, agricultural income forms part of current income for computing advance tax on non-agricultural income. A question which may arise is which years agricultural income is to be included? This can be discussed under the following two situations:

  1. Where the advance tax is to be paid by the assessee on the basis of his estimate of his current income: It shall be estimated agricultural income of current financial year relevant to assessment year for which advance tax is payable.

  2. Where the advance tax is payable in pursuance of an order/amended order of Assessing Officer under section 210(3) and 210(4): It shall be—

    1. that agricultural income which has been taken into account for rate purposes in respect of which the assessee has been assessed by way of regular assessment; or

    2. that agricultural income which has been taken into account for rate purposes in respect of total income returned by the assessee for any previous year subsequent to the previous year for which regular assessment has been made.

 
CONTENT :  Advance Tax and Refund

Related Topics...on 'Advance Tax' and 'Refund'




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